Screening Souls, Building Nations. Macedonia(s) as a Laboratory for Balkan-wide Authoritarianism
Principal Investigator: Dr. Tasos Kostopoulos
Funded by: European Research Council - Starting Grant 2022 (Grant Agreement 101077076)
Start date: 1 March 2023, End date: 29 February 2028
Overall budget: € 1,467,800
Hosted by: Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas, Greece
he project “MACAUTH: Screening Souls, Building Nations. Macedonia(s) as a Laboratory for Balkan-wide Authoritarianism” aims to investigate a little-explored and usually neglected aspect of the Macedonian Question throughout the late nineteenth and most of the twentieth century: namely, the function of the Macedonian Question as a catalyst and a testing ground for the emergence, development and consolidation of authoritarian state policies on a nation-wide scale in all the Balkan nation-states involved. In other words, how the tools used by the rival nation states to extract national loyalty in late Ottoman Macedonia, where nation had been widely conceived first and foremost as a political party, were subsequently transformed into a far broader method of social and political control. MACAUTH will examine the transfer of particular administrative practices of surveillance, control and political indoctrination, as well as state-sponsored violence and its ideological justification in the name of national expediency, from the initial field of their application in Ottoman and post-Ottoman Macedonia to the mainstream political and social life of Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia/Yugoslavia, as well as to the respective diasporic communities. The impact of the same heritage in Romania, Albania, the Ottoman Empire and its successor nation state, the Turkish Republic, will also be assessed.
MACAUTH’S research team consists of Tasos Kostopoulos (IMS-FORTH), as Principal Investigator, Tchavdar Marinov (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria, and IMS-FORTH), Alexander Vezenkov (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria, and IMS-FORTH), Petar Todorov (Institute of National History, Skopje, North Macedonia), Dmitar Tasić (Institute for the Recent History of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia and IMS-FORTH), Raul Carstocea (Maynooth University, Ireland), Yannis Papadopoulos (IMS-FORTH), Lambros Baltsiotis (Panteion University, Athens, Greece), Elias Skoulidas (University of Ioannina, Greece), Nicos Sigalas (EHESS, Paris, France), two PhD students under the supervision of Lina Venturas (Panteion University, Athens, Greece) and Paraskevas Matalas (University of Crete, Rethymno, Greece), as well as two researchers that have yet to be recruited.
MACAUTH is hosted at the Institute for Mediterranean Studies of the Foundation of Research and Technology – Hellas (IMS/FORTH), situated in Rethymno, Greece, with the collaboration of the Institute of National History (Skopje, North Macedonia) and Maynooth University (Ireland), as Beneficiary Institutions.