Institute for Mediterranean Studies

Parkinson, W. A.; Yerkes, R. W.; Gyucha, A.; Sarris, A.; Morris, M.; Salisbury, R. B., "Early Copper Age Settlements in the Κoros Region of the Great Hungarian Plain", Journal of Field Archaeology, vol. 2, no. 35, pp. 164–183.

This article discusses research carried out by the Ko¨ ro¨s Regional Archaeological Project from 2000 to 2006 at Early Copper Age Tiszapolga´ r Culture sites on the Great Hungarian Plain. To build a model of social organization for the period, we incorporated information from regional geomorphological studies, soil chemistry analysis, archaeological surface surveys, remote sensing, and systematic excavations at Early Copper Age sites in the Ko¨ ro¨s Valley of southeastern Hungary. Previous models characterized the transition from the Neolithic period to the Copper Age as an abrupt shift from a tell-based, sedentary, agricultural lifeway to one based on mobile cattle herding. By studying the transition between these periods on multiple geographic and temporal scales, we have identified a more gradual process with widespread regional variation in cultural patterns. Similar social processes characterize the transition between chronological periods and cultural phases in other parts of the world, and we suggest that a multiscalar approach is effective for building comparative archaeological models of long-term social change.

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